TRAFFICKING PROFILE As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in the Philippines, and traffickers exploit victims from the Philippines abroad. In fact, there were 1, 693 human trafficking cases officially recorded in the country from 2005 to 2012. Six regional task force victim-witness coordinators (two in 2018) provided trauma-informed support and assistance to 291 victims (225 in 2018); 264 of these victims elected to testify as witnesses in criminal proceedings. FRED DE SAM LAZARO: Cecilia Oebanda, who founded Visayan Forum foundation, the country’s largest anti-trafficking group, says it often begins in areas like this Manila slum. Designated prosecutors led the task forces with the assistance of prosecutors who worked on trafficking cases in addition to their regular workloads; they were responsible for enhancing law enforcement efforts and ensuring the reporting, referring, and filing of trafficking cases. The government did not make efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. The government’s interagency child labor quick action teams removed 36 children from hazardous and exploitative work situations in 2019, but the government did not identify any child victims of internal labor trafficking. The court sentenced three sex traffickers convicted under related cybercrime laws to varying terms of imprisonment: two months, two to four years, and 12 to 17 years with fines ranging from 50,000 to one million pesos ($990 to $19,750). The vast majority of these victims reported experiencing forced labor and/or illegal recruitment; fewer than 25 were victims of sex trafficking. Driving the trade is the demand for commercial sexual exploitation. 2 The U.S. Department of State estimates that between 300,000 and 400,000 women and 60,000 to 100,000 children are trafficked annually. Voice of the Free was established in 1991 with the aim of addressing human trafficking in The Philippines. Although the availability of child sex trafficking victims in commercial establishments declined in some urban areas, child sex trafficking remains a pervasive problem, typically abetted by taxi drivers who have knowledge of clandestine locations. Filipino men also purchase commercial sex acts from child trafficking victims. Trafficked individuals often have to do manual labor, become sex slaves or perform domestic servitude. Try our corporate solution for free! MANILA (UPDATE)- For the fifth year in a row, the Philippines has obtained the highest status in compliance with US anti-human trafficking measures, based on the 2020 US State Department Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report. Author: Tomeshia, Rating: 5/5 based on 8 reviews, Price: $5/page. The traffickers are often parents or close relatives who operate in private residences or small cyber cafes and many child victims, girls and boys, are younger than 12 years. • Create a central database for information on illegal recruiters and human trafficking cases to facilitate interagency coordination in detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers. Following that, the Philippines brought in a stricter anti-human trafficking law in 2009. These actions led to the identification of 546 suspects and arrests of 507 (compared with 689 arrests in 2018); 39 suspects remained at large. Philippine officials continued to cooperate with 10 other governments on the investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases. Human trafficking has been a problem in the Philippines for a long time—just like in many other parts of the world—and pornography is only fueling this existing issue. Section 28 of Republic Act No. Human trafficking, the third largest international crime, following illegal drugs and arms trafficking, is believed to be worth billions of dollars each year. DFA allocated one billion pesos ($19.75 million) for the Assistance to Nationals Fund (ATN), which covered assistance such as airfare, meal allowance, shelter, medical care, and other needs of OFWs. Most of the convicted traffickers subjected minors to sex trafficking, including 32 who sexually exploited children online (compared with 27 in 2018); five committed labor trafficking (three in 2018). Human trafficking first started during the 15th century in Africa at the start of the European slave trade when the Portuguese were transporting people from Africa to … The U.S. Department of State (2005), reports that the Philippines has become a base destination for human trafficking and experiences one of the highest rates of human trafficking. Law enforcement authorities conducted 245 anti-trafficking coordinated operations and investigated 237 cases of alleged illegal recruitment, compared with 462 investigations reported in 2018. Human trafficking is one of the most heinous crimes in the world. The Department of Interior and Local Government reported that 57 provinces, 127 cities, and 1,237 municipalities with anti-trafficking/violence against women committees enacted over 500 anti-trafficking ordinances and more than 700 reported conducting anti-trafficking education and information campaigns. Seventy-nine percent of all global trafficking is for sexual exploitation.2 CHILD SEX TRAFFICKING IN THE PHILIPPINES The DFA provided nine Philippine overseas missions with funds to support shelters or temporary accommodations for Filipino trafficking victims awaiting the resolution of their cases or their repatriation. The Philippines continues to make improvements to their prosecution of human trafficking cases, protection of human trafficking victims, and prevention of future human trafficking crimes. The law also help set-up the foundation of what human trafficking prosecution in the Philippines was to become. 3 A United Nations John Gabriel Agcaoili, ABS-CBN News Updated as of Jun 26 05:28 AM. Voice of the Free was established in 1991 with the aim of addressing human trafficking in The Philippines. These people include women and children, the most vulnerable to human trafficking, a long-standing concern in the Philippines, described as “a source … destination and transit country for men, women and children who are subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor” by thewww.humantrafficking.org, part of the U.S.-based aid group FHI 360. The Anti-Trafficking Act provides the definition of human trafficking under Filipino law, which mirrors the UN Human Trafficking Protocol definition. Of the four labor traffickers convicted under the illegal recruitment statute, the court sentenced one trafficker to a prison term of 10 to 12 years and one year to life imprisonment with a fine of two million pesos ($39,490); two traffickers awaited sentencing. The government increased the IACAT Secretariat’s budget to 92.9 million pesos ($1.83 million) from 80.39 million pesos ($1.59 million) in 2018. The IACAT, its member agencies, and anti-trafficking regional task forces continued to lead national, regional, and local-level trafficking awareness raising events. The poor are especially vulnerable to human trafficking in the aftermath of natural disasters when they have lost their homes as well as their communities and are looking for a way out. An estimated 10 million Filipinos work outside the Philippines in nearly 170 countries, approximately three percent of whom work without a contract. Of these facilities, 24 served children, 13 served women, four served older persons, one served men, and two operated as temporary processing centers. Reports of immigration, police, and other officials complicit in trafficking continued. Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) - The Philippines has been a notorious source of men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor in different parts of the world. In response to continued reports of recruitment and use of child soldiers by non-state armed groups in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the government passed legislation and issued regulations to ensure special protection for children in situations of armed conflict, mandate rehabilitation and services, and prescribe punishments. The Philippines is a large source for both sex and labor human trafficking. The appellate courts affirmed 14 of 15 prior-year convictions. Human Trafficking in the Philippines.Research Paper; Human Trafficking in the Philippines.Research Paper. The current title is out of date due to the introduction of the Human Trafficking Act in the Philippines which now defines prostitution as Human Trafficking. The government committed resources for and began construction of three new facilities to address the shortage of short-term shelter facilities to provide comprehensive care for trafficking victims: an IACAT Trafficking in Persons Center in metro Manila, a temporary shelter and one-stop center near a regional international airport, and a shelter for men in region nine where armed conflict continued. Manila, June 6, 2018 — The Philippine and U.S. governments recently reaffirmed their mutual commitment to combat human trafficking of adults and children. Services also included: case management; temporary shelter (599 survivors); livelihood assistance (308 survivors); education/skills training (200 survivors); hygiene kits (602 survivors); referral (134 survivors); victim/witness assistance (104 survivors); airport assistance (57 survivors); transportation assistance (21); home visit (56 survivors); medical assistance (45 survivors); and financial assistance (78 survivors). The IACAT Sea/Air Task Forces identified 2,500 potential trafficking victims through operations or deferred departures (820 in 2018). Following the exacerbation of online sexual exploitation of children cases in the Philippines amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Senator Win Gatchalian is pushing again for the institutionalization of a Human Trafficking Preventive Education Program to protect Filipino children and youth from the different forms of trafficking. • Establish and implement a process to ensure systematic and ongoing input from a diverse community of survivors on the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of anti-trafficking policies and programs. Forced labor and sex trafficking of men, women, and children within the country remains a significant problem. 1). Prostitution has become too narrow a title for this, because of the need in the article to talk about sex tourism, sex slavery, cyber sex cafes, pornography, debt bondage, etc. The government increased protection efforts. REPUBLIC ACT No. Traffickers subject indigenous and displaced persons in Mindanao to trafficking through the promise of employment. Internal trafficking is a major concern in the Philippines. They strictly monitor the borderlines to prevent the traffickers from recruiting more victims. The organization provides residential care, community-based programs, medical and psychological support, education, and vocational training to human trafficking survivors. PH retains Tier 1 status in US anti-trafficking standards. This contributed to declining rates of living donor transplantation, according to the WHO. The government continued to deploy DSWD social workers in Philippine diplomatic missions in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, South Korea, Qatar, Malaysia, and Hong Kong. The country’s various insurgent groups have been accused of using child soldiers. The government reported a sharp increase in foreign national victims of sex trafficking (185 in 2019; zero in 2018) identified during law enforcement operations, primarily in spas and hotels near offshore gaming operations. According to a recently released report by the State Department, the top three nations of origin for victims of human trafficking in 2018 were the United States, Mexico and the Philippines. According to the U.S. Department of State (2014), “10 million Filipino men, women, and children who migrate abroad for skilled and unskilled work are subsequently subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor” (pp. The DFA reported assisting all of the 6,772 potential trafficking victims identified by overseas missions (2,591 in the previous reporting period). The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) overseas labor officers continued to review overseas Filipino workers’ (OFW) labor contracts and assist them with labor contract violations and allegations of abuse. Mary Girlie Glen Tupas of the International Justice Mission, a group that has been assisting victims of human trafficking, said the Philippines is a fertile ground for traffickers. • Consistently implement the coordinated interagency response to providing services to returning Filipinos who experienced sex and labor trafficking overseas. There are estimated to be 375,000 women and girls in the sex trade in the Philippines, mostly between the ages of 15 and 20, though some are as young as 11. Many believe that this large number stems from the Philippines’ low GDP per capita (the country ranks 118th out of 191 nations in this measure) and its high poverty rate of 21.6 percent. The Islamic State reportedly subjects women and girls to sexual slavery. According to a recently released report by the State Department, the top three nations of origin for victims of human trafficking in 2018 were the United States, Mexico and the Philippines. 10364. DSWD referred trafficking survivors to the local social welfare and development office in their community for follow up services, which observers noted often lacked the personnel and resources to provide individualized case follow up. The IACAT also convened its member agencies, local government officials, NGOs, and other stakeholders at symposia focused on discussion of progress in addressing trafficking issues including OSEC. Identified hotspots for this form of sex trafficking in Luzon and Visayas include Iligan, Lapu-Lapu, Pampanga, Quezon City, Malabon, Pasig, Taguig, and Caloocan. Unfortunately, the prevalence of human trafficking in the Philippines is quite high. The POEA also filed 1,107 administrative charges against licensed recruitment agencies for disallowed practices (1,432 in 2019), resulting in the cancellation of 16 agencies’ licenses (40 in 2019). • Increase efforts to identify and assist child labor trafficking victims. Following publication of the Anti-Money Laundering Council’s report documenting the link between small amounts of illicit wire-transferred funds and cyber-facilitated sex trafficking, law enforcement identified 147 suspects in the Philippines for joint investigations of child sex trafficking and money laundering based on an analysis of suspicious money transfers. IACAT member agency representatives met arriving repatriation flights from the Middle East and Asia and coordinated individualized assistance for 1,143 trafficking victims. These efforts included improving the coordination of services for returning Filipino migrant workers who were victims of trafficking overseas; convicting and punishing traffickers, including an official complicit in sex trafficking and labor traffickers; increasing assistance to survivors who provide testimony; and increasing the use of prosecution procedures that reduce the potential for further harm to trafficking victims. As a signatory to the “Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children,” which supplemented the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, the Philippines is actively engaged in combating human trafficking – an international problem that is an affront to the basic human rights of individuals worldwide. An estimated 10 million Filipinos work outside the Philippines in nearly 170 countries, approximately three percent of whom work without a contract. Sex trafficking also occurs in tourist destinations, such as Boracay, Angeles City, Olongapo, Puerto Galera, and Surigao, where there is a high demand for commercial sex acts. There is little research characterizing or quantifying the problem of child trafficking in Cebu province, and there are limited resources available for prevention, rescue or intervention, and rehabilitation. Of these, the government reported 976 victims of labor trafficking; 669 victims of sex trafficking, including 259 child victims of online sexual exploitation; 181 victims of illegal recruitment; and 311 individuals intercepted before their departure overseas. National and local government leaders, private sector partners, and an NGO conducted job fairs for nearly 650 Filipinos, some of whom were survivors of trafficking overseas. John Gabriel Agcaoili, ABS-CBN News Updated as of Jun 26 05:28 AM. Police and prosecutors continued the use of recorded child victim interviews at the inquest stage and in some trials, which reduced the number of times officials interviewed victims and the potential for re-traumatizing children who served as witnesses. Some personnel working at Philippine embassies reportedly withhold back wages procured for their domestic workers, subject them to domestic servitude, or coerce sexual acts in exchange for government protection services. The Philippines has strong anti-trafficking laws, and we are helping to train authorities on how to implement them against this new crime type. Section 24. Patch - D'Ann Lawrence White. The government continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period; therefore the Philippines remained on Tier 1. Traffickers increasingly exploit Chinese and other Asian women in commercial sex in locations near offshore gaming operations that cater to Chinese nationals. The DFA foreign missions, primarily in the Middle East and Asia, identified 6,772 potential Filipino trafficking victims (2,591 in the preceding period). The government initiated prosecution of a police officer who was a member of a regional anti-trafficking task force for cyber-facilitated sex trafficking, investigated and referred for criminal charges nine Bureau of Immigration (BI) officers for facilitating the illegal airport departure of potential trafficking victims, and investigated an IACAT intelligence officer for similar actions. The Philippines’ Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 provides the legal framework for the criminalization of human trafficking in the Philippines. Voice of the Free. Roundup: Pandemic update—national snapshot, fighting human trafficking, StFX hopes for another COVID-free term, the importance of land recognition statements Plus: Nadia Moore's musical journey from the Philippines to Nova Scotia MANILA, Philippines — Bureau of Immigration (BI) officers at the Clark International Airport have rescued three women suspected of being human trafficking victims who attempted to leave the country by posing as seafarers, the bureau said Wednesday. The 2003 and 2012 anti-trafficking acts criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment and fines of between one and two million pesos ($19,750 to $39,490).